NEA commissioned this report as, although there are some real challenges and tensions to be addressed, we believe that it is possible to tackle both decarbonisation of energy and fuel poverty.

Through better focusing of energy efficiency programmes and other support to low-income households, we can help them achieve affordable warmth as we transition to lower carbon heating systems.  With an estimated four million UK households living in fuel poverty and progress going in the wrong direction, it is vital that we harness the economic, social, environmental and health improvements that will be achieved through meeting our national fuel poverty and carbon targets.